The Global Politics Extension Oral Presenation Structure

HL Global Politics students are required to do two Extension Tasks (ETs). And these two oral presentations are (in total) worth 20% of your final mark in the course.

That’s a lot.

And, as you may have noticed, there are quite a lot of boxes you’re trying to tick with your ETs. This article will help you go step-by-step as you prepare your extension presentation and help you to cover all of your bases, within the tight (10 minute) time limit.

You aren’t required to follow this structure, but it works pretty well.  

How to think about the extension task 

Think of your entire ET as an explanation of how your particular (small) case is an example of the Global Political Challenge (GPC) you’ve chosen to explore (more on these below).

 For example, if you’ve chosen to look at the GPC “Borders” and your chosen political issue is The Catalan Referendum of 2017, your presentation will use Global Politics ideas (concepts, key terms, perspectives and related cases) to show us how interesting and complicated borders can be.

Ultimately you want to leave your audience feeling that:

  1. You really understand the case you’re discussing (i.e. The Catalan Referendum of 2017),
  2. You really understand the concepts, theories and key terms in the course (more on this below). And that,  
  3. You really understand the GPC (i.e. Borders)

The Extension Task Structure

Introduction (2 mins)

-Explain the issue (or the case) clearly. Keep it very simple at first. Explain it to us the way you would explain it to someone who has never heard of this issue before.

-Then explain it in a bit more depth. Tell us a few key facts of the case (ie. statistics or important historical events) to help us understand the case better. Help your audience to appreciate the context around your issue before things get complicated.

-Give us at least one reason why this issue (your case) is important to understand.

-Tell us which (one) Global Political Challenge (GPC) your case is related to and explain this link. (The GPCs in IB Global Politics are Environment, Poverty, Health, Identity, Borders, and Security.)

-Explain why your case study is related to this GPC. For example, convince us that your issue the Catalan referendum is definitely related to your GPC Borders.

-(Remember: If this is your second ET, please make sure you choose a different GPC than the one you did last time).

-Finally, discuss how your issue can be explored on at least two different levels of analysis. Our “levels of analysis” are Global, Regional, Community, International, National, and Local). For example you could explain some national implications of the issue and some local implications of the Catalan referendum. You can link back to these levels later (in the main body) if you have time.

The Main Body (7 mins)

Use 3 of our course concepts to organize the main body of your work.

Here are the 16 concepts of the course:

  • Section 1: Power, Sovereignty, Interdependence, Legitimacy,
  • Section 2: Human Rights, Justice, Liberty, Equality 
  • Section 3: Development, Globalization, Inequality, Sustainability
  • Section 4: Peace, Conflict, Violence, Non-Violence

Choose 3 of those concepts and use them to organize the Main Body of your presentation. Use the concepts to explain your case and also to show how complex and interesting your GPC is.

For example, you could use Sovereignty, Legitimacy and Conflict to explore how problematic and complex borders can be, using the issue The Catalan referendum of 2017 as your case).

Try to choose your 3 concepts from more than one section of the course.  

Body Section 1

-Explain how your concept relates to your issue. For example, explain how Sovereignty is a key issue in the Catalan referendum). Use some key words from that part of the course (i.e. The Sovereignty chapter) in your explanation.

-Explain how your concept relates to at least one of the main theories (critical perspectives) of the course (i.e Realism, Liberalism, Relativism, Universalism, or Capitalism).

-Explain one conflicting opinion on the issue. Explain a conflict related to political orientations (i.e. stakeholder perspectives), or critical perspectives. For example, you could contrast the views of liberalism and realism in your case.

-Explain a relevant economic, social or political factor, related to your concept, your case and a level of analysis. For example, how Catalan Sovereignty would have economic implications for Spain (National level).

-If you have time, explain a similar case (related to your issue), which happened in another country.

Body Section 2

Here you’re going to do all of the same steps went through with concept 1, but with a different concept.

-Explain how your second concept (i.e. Legitimacy) relates to your issue (your case), using some key words related to that concept (that section of the course).

-Explain how your second concept relates to at least one of the main theories of the course (preferably not the same theory you’ve already used in section 1).

-Explain one conflicting opinion on the issue, related to your second concept (i.e. Legitimacy)

-Explain a relevant economic, social or political factor, related to your concept, your case (and a level of analysis). For example, how Spain recognising the Legitimacy of Catalan claims could have political implications for the EU (International level). 

Body Section 3

Here you’re going to do all of the same steps went through with concept 1 and 2, but with another concept.

-Explain how your third concept (i.e. Conflict) relates to your issue (your case), using some key words related to that concept (that section of the course).

-Explain how your third concept relates to at least one of the main theories of the course (preferably not the same theories you’ve already used in section 1 or 2).

-Explain one conflicting opinion on the issue, related to your third concept (i.e. Conflict)

-Explain a relevant economic, social or political factor, related to your concept, your case (and a level of analysis). For example, how the Conflict between the Catalan separatists and non-separatists has had social effects among residents of Catalonia (Local level).

Conclusion (1 min)

-Summarize what you think are the most important insights from your Body Section (your analysis). Try to synthesize these insights, pull together aspects of different sections of your presentation to create new insights.

-Share a final thought on what your case has shown us about the GPC. For example, what has Catalan separatism taught us about Borders?

-Explain why it is important that we understand both this issue in particular and cases such as this in the future. 

And that's all you have to do. Easy right?! ;) 

Also... practice  

Actually there's one more thing. Please make sure to practice your presentation several times to make sure you are able to make it through everything within 10 minutes and to make sure you can do it just using your bullet point notes.

Of course, you won't be able to read out your perfectly written prose during the presentation, so go easy on yourself. You don't have to be perfect up there. Enjoy yourself and do your best. 

You got this!